There are many reasons why I insist that there are hierarchies of subquantum entities, not the least of which are the recent SLAC results which strongly indicate that quarks have substructure. These observations caused one of the experimenters to lament, “Is there no end to the smallness of particles?” If one wishes to limit the subquantum to some two or three different varieties of particles, this kind of limitation will eventually be found to be dramatically mistaken, in my opinion.
Now as to the concept of “voids” in the subquantum (this part is addressed to subtillion), it is easy to see that, there do exist observable voids at all scales of existence. Let us examine this statement for veracity at various scales.
At the largest scale we are presently capable of witnessing, there are superclusters of galaxies. There are voids between these superclusters where there exist no observable superclusters.
These superclusters are comprised of clusters of galaxies. There are spaces between these clusters of galaxies where there exist no observable clusterings of galaxies.
Galactic clusters are composed of large numbers of individual galaxies. It is observable fact that there are vast reaches of distance between galaxies, where there are no observable galaxies.
Galaxies are made from large numbers of stars. It is observable fact that there are vast reaches of space where there are no stars present.
Stars normally entrain solar systems. When we examine solar systems, such as our own, it is obvious that there are vast reaches of space where there is no planetary body to be found.
Planets are made from physical matter primarily in the solid or plastic condition. There are places at the planetary surface where there is no observable solid matter to be found. (Good that this is so, or we would never be able to observe any surface to begin with.)
As we examine the materials from which these planets are made, we discover many varieties of materials in various phase states, ranging from plasmas to crystalline solids. All of these materials are discovered to contain varieties of voids and/or cavitations.
We then discover that these materials are composed of smaller components, molecules, crystal lattices, atoms. We discover that there are vast reaches of space where there are no iron atoms, for example.
Thereby, we investigate atoms, and we discover that these are made from yet smaller creatures, the subatomic particles. We know that there are vast reaches of space between the nucleus of the atom and its electron shells, as well as voids between the nuclear particles, where there are no nuclear particles to be found.
When we examine these nuclear particles we find that they are composed of yet smaller particles, such as our so-called “quarks”. There are vast reaches of space where there are no quarks to be found. We examine quarks, and we observe substructure. We examine electrons, and we find substructure. Some have even suggested that there may be a substructure involved with the photon.
Now we have reached the present technological limits on observations of the small (until someone takes the bother, time, and expense to construct one of the four varieties of subquantum imaging devices). To this point, at every scale we have had the pleasure to observe, we have not found any exception to the observable fact that there do exist voids AT THE GIVEN SCALE, and larger than the given scale.
So far, the sizes of the voids we have observed seem to be correlated to the scale of our observation, in some way. Thus, there is no reason to think that the subquantum will prove to be any exception to all that we have already observed.
However, at the ultimate limit of smallness, the infinitely small, we may find that there are no gaps between infinitely small particles. However, we cannot say with absolute certainty that these infinitesmals are ubiquitously present with never any space between them.
Based on our previous experience, I would be inclined to consider the possibility that there may exist voids where there are no infinitesimal particles present, at certain points in space. Just because an infinitely small particle, by definition, allows that an infinite number of them can occupy a given volume, does not mean that they must do so, and that this must be true at each and every point in the vast and infinite volume of the universe.
It is possible that at the scale of the infinitely small, we may find our exception to the rule that there exist voids at every scale so far observed.
How can we ever know, at the scale of infinite smallness?
Based on all that has gone before, it seems safe to assume that the infinitely small would present no exception to the rule. And that voids may well exist at that level.
The above essay was in response to the following:
A moment of speculation within near fanciful stories: I’m sure many of us have wondered about this. As some UFO activity has reportedly “cleaned” some of our nuclear weapons, I had always wondered why they would do such a thing. Aside from the obvious, nuclear weapons are not a good thing to use; what is the real issue there? Why would an alien race care about our safety? Is there some sort of threat beyond the obvious? Fusion eliminates or eradicates the order of the Atom or nucleus therein now, but to what level does this actually occur? We know that nuclear fusion occurs in stars and so we think of it as a natural event on that level. But I have to wonder, how natural is it when it happens outside the confines of a star? I guess not natural at all and that means that the natural processes are not in place when we test or use one of these fusion devices here on earth.
From this new sub quantum theory, it’s contemplated that we have 2 species or sizes of particle. The ether base and the larger species that is the basic building block of all subatomic particles and that species may emanate from the poles of “Black Holes” perhaps. Now, if I assume that the events within fusion include a great deal of sub quantum collisions occurring at a high velocity I could surmise that many of the sub quantum particles would be broken apart. This means we would have mutant species sub quantum particulates floating around after the event. Since the event didn’t occur within a star, the natural reprocessing and further refinement of the particles is not present. So, how dangerous is it when we use one of these weapons? How much damage is really done? Are there more terrible things occurring that we are not yet cognizant of? What would these mutant sub quantum particles represent and how many perfectly good atoms could they disrupt, how much damage could they really do and how long would it really last? They’re not likely to go away if they are created, not until the Earth is perhaps engulfed by a star that is. Just a thought